When a Dentist refers to a dental cleaning that means to the process of cleaning teeth by removing plaque and tartar (calculus). Plaque is a sticky substance that forms on teeth which harbors lots of bacteria. When plaque is left to accumulate it develops to tartar, which is more difficult to remove. Teeth are always surrounded by a film of saliva. Saliva contains calcium and other substances which are vital in the strengthening of teeth. However, this phenomenon also causes calcium deposits to form on teeth. They resemble the color of teeth but they may take a yellowish color.
Plaque is a sticky film that forms on the surface of teeth. Plaque tends to form on the areas of the teeth that are hard to reach by regular brushing. Plaque also accumulates around dental fillings.
Plaque is a nightmare for teeth. As food debris accumulates in the mouth, plaque continues to form on the surface of teeth. Plaque can be removed by cleaning the teeth regularly. If it is left to accumulate for some time it calcifies to form tartar. Tartar cannot be removed by brushing or flossing teeth. Tartar not only causes tooth decay but also gum infection. Tartar is removed by thorough cleaning which is done by a dentist or oral hygienist.
Tartar is hard to clean and remove by brushing and flossing. It therefore results in tooth decay if a victim does not visit the dentist in good time. If tartar accumulates below the gum line the result is gum infection. This is because tartar harbors lots of bacteria. The tartar will find its way in to the space between your teeth and gum. The bacteria in the tartar will infect the gum from this position. Gum infection, gingivitis, can be healed by a thorough clean from your dentist.
The purpose of dental cleaning is removing tartar and plaque from the surfaces of the teeth. This ascertains the cleanliness of all the surfaces of the teeth. Dental cleaning leaves your mouth feeling very clean. When you move your tongue round your mouth, you do not feel any sticky film on the surfaces of your teeth. Professional cleaning of teeth is referred to as prophylaxis. In Greek this word means to prevent in time. Dental cleaning prevents both tooth decay and gum disease.
When you go for dental cleaning the oral hygienist or dentist will make use of some specialized equipment that will remove plaque and tartar from the surfaces of teeth without damaging the structure of your teeth. The dentist will first use an ultrasonic instrument to remove deposits of tartar and other deposits from the surface of teeth. The instrument vibrates. The vibrations shake of any deposits from the surface of teeth. After this, the dentist will use a hand instrument that aids the removal of smaller debris from the surface of teeth. After the teeth are clean they are polished using a slow-speed instrument which is held by the hand. Polishing leaves the teeth sparkling.